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Tuesday, February 19, 2019 9:05 AM

Vocabulary: Vocabulary refers to the words we must know to communicate effectively. Vocabulary can be described as oral vocabulary or reading vocabulary. Oral vocabulary refers to the words we use in speaking or recognize in hearing. Reading vocabulary refers to words we recognize or use in print. Vocabulary plays an important part in learning to read. Vocabulary also is very important to reading comprehension. Readers cannot understand what they are reading without knowing what most of the words mean. 
 
Four types of vocabulary are referred to in the literature:
 
* Listening Vocabulary--the words we need to know to understand what we hear
* Speaking Vocabulary--the words we use when we speak
* Reading Vocabulary--the words we need to know to understand what we read 
* Writing Vocabulary--the words we use in writing.
 
(Key Components of Reading Instruction--Minneapolis Elementary Literacy Framework).  For more on fluency instruction and other components of reading instruction, please see this link.